Wood Floor Refinishing
Refinishing and sanding your hardwood floors is necessary to preserve their quality and beauty. Any refinishing is done solely to enhance the wood’s natural color and protect it from the elements. The best time to sand and refinish your hardwood floors is when you move into a new house or apartment and all of the furniture, rugs, etc. needs to be removed from the area during the process. Proper refinishing should last about 10 years. However, high traffic rooms will need to be done more often. But the two types of floors.
Sanding and finishingcan take anywhere from a few days to a week depending on size, stain, and number of top finish coats. Generally the finishes are oil or water based. Our first priority is to protect the beauty of your home so whether you have finished or unfinished floors, we section off other areas and furniture to prevent sanding dust from spreading throughout your home. Our expert technicians also use dust containment systems to limit the amount of dust in the air. And with refinishing, it is important to have as little air flow as possible in the area as airborne particles can become embedded into the newly applied finish. Something as simple as foot traffic or turning on the air conditioner/heating system can kick up dust. So it is better to allow more time to dry to avoid problem areas in your floors.
Oil-based stain is strongly recommended for wood flooring, no matter oil-modified or water based finish will use on top of it. The key is that the stain has to be dry. A rich, penetrating, oil-based stain is available in many wood tone colors and can be used to enhance any bare or stripped wood surface. Always test stain on a hidden area of the wood to verify desired color.
Woodfloor Refinishing & Repair Services
It does take time and a lot of patience and hard work but the results can be extraordinary. If your wooden floor is starting to look worn you should consider refinishing it. It is indeed a messy task but the results are amazing.
Finishing and refinishing by applying regular finishes and extra low-odor, quick drying, high-durability, non-yellowing finishes, such as wax, polyurethane, waterbased – all kinds: Swedish – Synteko or Swedish – Glitsa with sealer Glitsa or sealer Bacca. All these finishes can be done in 3 basic sheens: gloss, semi-gloss, satin, or special sheen.
- Sanding – provides a method for smoothing an installed floor, compensating for unevenness of the subfloor. Additionally, sanding is used to renew the appearance of older floors. Sanding using successively finer grades of sandpaper is required to ensure even stain penetration when stains are used, as well as to eliminate visible scratches from coarser sandpaper grades used initially. Prior to modern polyurethanes, oils and waxes were used in addition to stains to provide finishes
- Staining – all colors – by using stain brand names: Basic Coating, Benjamin Moore, Bona Kemi, Dura Seal, MinWax, Flecto, Fuller O’Brien, Glitsa, McCloskey, Pratt & Lambert, Zar and others.
- Repair of worn out, broken, missing or otherwise defective hardwood floors.
- Filling-up and patching of floor splits, holes, and other defects.
- Removing of squeaky spots from floor and subfloors by different methods.
- Leveling of wooden and concrete floors and subfloors – new and old by various methods.
- Testing subfloors for moisture / vapors and general conditions to determine if treatment with additional materials necessary for better future floor condition (testing applied during installation / replacement of floor); if necessary, we install special barrier for moisture and vapors.
- Wooden stairs job: repair, sanding, bleaching, staining, and finishing
At an additional cost, move furniture and appliances out and put back in (not covered by our insurance); also at additional cost remove old carpets, tiles and others and dispose of debris.
The two most popular modern finishes for wood flooring are oil and polyurethane. Within both categories there are many variations and other names used to describe the finish. Oil and polyurethane also have very different refinishing and maintenance regimes.
Oiled floors have existed for several thousand years and are the most common floor finish used globally. Oil finished floors are made from naturally derived drying oils, and are not to be confused with petroleum based oils. Pre-finished oil floors can be UV cured. Most vegetable based oils are 100% natural and contain no VOCs. Brushed and Oiled – Steel brushes are used in the direction of the grain which opens up the surface of the wood and removes splinters. The wood is then oiled.
Polyurethane floor finishes were first introduced around 1940. There are several types of polyurethane finishes that exist, but the two most common are straight polyurethane and oil-modified polyurethane. Both products are sold under various names including: urethane, lacquer, and varnish. Many finish manufacturers and wood flooring manufacturers create brand names for their finish.
Natural shellacs, lacquers, and varnishes were used in the past, as were waxes, often blended with oils.